Gum Disease Treatment in Boston
What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal (gum) diseases, including gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious infections that, when left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth, and is usually first diagnosed by your dentist. Periodontal disease (in the mouth) is the same disease that causes plaque build up in your arteries and heart disease.
About a third of adults will have at least three to four teeth affected with moderate periodontal disease in their lifetime. Severe or rapidly progressing disease affects 5 – 15 percent of the adult population.
Periodontal treatment is necessary when various conditions begin to affect the health of your gums and the regions of your jaw bone that hold your teeth in place. There has been much research offering insight into what has come to be called, The Oral/Systemic Connection. The link between chronic inflammatory periodontal infections and systemic diseases including various forms of cancer, diabetes, stroke and heart disease. Not only can gum disease lead to missing teeth, healthy gums play an integral part in your oral and overall health.
As we continue to learn more about the severity of periodontal infections and how closely linked they are to your overall health, having detailed information about your genetic susceptibility to periodontal diseases is critical in determining your oral care. That’s why Smileboston offers Oral DNA testing for our patients. Oral DNA testing provides a means of assessing an individual’s genetic risk for periodontal disease. The test is completely painless and as simple as spitting into a cup or swabbing the cheek with a cotton swab. The sample is then prepared into a vial that is shipped to the laboratory where it is thoroughly analyzed.
This test is NOT used for genetic testing.
Periodontal disease is dangerous in that it is often painless and symptomless. Eighty percent 80% of Americans will be afflicted with periodontal disease by age 45, and 4 out of 5 patients with the disease are unaware they have it. Proper home oral care and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk.